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Policies

Pharmacist Prescribing of Hormonal Contraception

Our interactive map depicts states with pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraception via statewide protocol, standing order, or collaborative practice agreement. Hover over any state to view policy details. Updated June 18, 2024.

Summary of State Policies

State Available Authority By Methods Age Restriction
Arizona2023Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring18 and older
Arkansas2022Statewide ProtocolPill18 and older
California2016Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
Colorado2017Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, Shot18 and older
Hawaii2018Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, RingAll ages
Idaho2019Prescriptive AuthorityPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
Illinois2023Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
Indiana2023Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring, Shot18 and older
Maryland2019Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
Minnesota2020Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring18 and older (<18 with prior prescription)
Nevada2021Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
New Hampshire2022Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
New Jersey2024Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
New Mexico2018Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, Shot, NonhormonalAll ages
New York2024Standing OrderPill, Patch, RingAll ages
North Carolina2022Standing OrderPill, Patch18 and older (<18 with parent/legal guardian consent)
Oregon2016Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, ShotAll ages
South Carolina2022Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, Shot18 and older (<18 with prior prescription)
Tennessee2019Contraception CPAPill, Patch, Ring, Shot18 and older (<18 if emancipated minor)
Utah2019Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring18 and older
Vermont2021Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, RingAll ages
Virginia2021Statewide ProtocolPill, Patch, Ring, Shot18 and older
West Virginia2020Standing OrderPill, Patch, Ring18 and older

Others Offering via General Collaborative Practice Agreement (CPA): Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin

Others with Statewide Protocols or Standing Orders in Progress: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Washington D.C.

This table reflects states that have implemented their policies for pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraception, as well as those that have passed legislation and implementation is in progress.  Updated June 18, 2024.

Birth Control Pharmacist Logo Horizontal

Is birth control available over the Counter?

We'd like to clear up the differences between over-the-counter (OTC) access and pharmacist prescribing (also known as "pharmacy access").

Pharmacist Prescribing Over the Counter (OTC)
ApprovalState law or regulationFDA
MethodsPill, patch, ring, shot, emergency contraceptionCondoms, spermicides, emergency contraception, Opill®
AvailabilityParticipating pharmacies in selected statesPharmacies, other stores, online
PrescriptionPrescribed by a pharmacist after reviewing your health history and measuring your blood pressureNo prescription required
Doctor VisitNo visit or physical exam requiredNo visit or physical exam required
Age RestrictionDepends on stateNone
Birth Control CostsCovered by insuranceDepends on state and insurance; may require a prescription for coverage
Visit CostsDepends on state and insurance; may cost up to $50 without coverageNone
Time5 - 20 minutes for visitLess than 5 minutes for purchase

Pharmacist-Prescribed Contraception